The integration of producers from the global south into international value chains - The example of Kenya's export horticulture.
In the course of globalization, the integration of producers from the global South into international value chains is also increasing. The export of fresh fruit and vegetables from Kenya is a well-known example of this development. Recently, however, the implementation of private standards prescribed by the European retail trade has presented the Kenyan horticulture sector with major challenges. According to studies, the introduction of private standards such as GlobalGAP has excluded many previously exporting Kenyan farmers, who do not have the resources or skills to implement the standard. The study presented here shows how a large number of farms nevertheless find ways to continue to supply the value chain through informal arrangements.